Thursday, 21 November 2013

Claude Monet - part 20 1891 - 1893 (1894)




Claude Monet (1840 – 1926) was a founder of French impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting. 


For full biographical notes on Monet see part 1. For earlier works by Monet see parts 1 - 19 also.

This is part 20 of a 27-part series on the works of Claude Monet:




Claude Monet 1891 The Four Trees 
oil on canvas 81.9 x 81.6 cm 
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Claude Monet 1891 Three Poplar Trees in the Autumn 
oil on canvas 
Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA

Claude Monet 1891 Three Poplar Trees, Autumn Effect
 oil on canvas
 Private Collection

Claude Monet 1891 Three Trees in Autumn
 oil on canvas 92 x 72 cm
 Private Collection

Claude Monet 1891 Three Trees in Grey Weather
 oil on canvas 
Private Collection

Claude Monet 1891 Three Trees in Spring 
oil on canvas
 Private Collection

Claude Monet 1891 Three Trees, Summer 
oil on canvas 92 x 73 cm 
National Museum of Western Art, Toyko

Claude Monet 1892 Poplars on the River Epte seen from the Marsh 
oil on canvas 88 x 93 cm
Private Collection

Claude Monet 1892 Poplars, View from the Marsh
 oil on canvas


Claude Monet 1891 The Côte Sauvage
 black crayon on paper 23.4 x 31.5 cm
 National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

Claude Monet 1892 The Cour d'Albane 
oil on canvas 
Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, MA

Claude Monet 1892 The Cour d'Albane, Grey Weather 
oil on canvas 
Private Collection

Claude Monet 1892 View of Rouen from the Cote Sainte-Catherine 
oil on canvas
 Private Collection

Claude Monet 1892-93 Snow Effect, Giverny 
oil on canvas


Rouen Cathedral 1892 -94

The Rouen Cathedral paintings, more than thirty in all, were made in 1892 and 1893, then reworked in Monet’s studio in 1894. Monet rented spaces across the street from the cathedral, where he set up temporary studios for the purpose. In 1895, he selected what he considered to be the twenty best paintings from the series for display at his Paris dealer’s gallery, and of these he sold eight before the exhibition was over. Pissarro and Cézanne visited the exhibition and praised the series highly.

Historically, the series was well-timed. In the early 1890s, France was seeing a revival of interest in Catholicism and the subject was well received. Apart from its religious significance, Rouen Cathedral–built in the Gothic style–represented all that was best in French history and culture, being a style of architecture that was admired and adopted by many European countries during the Middle Ages.

When Monet painted the Rouen Cathedral series, he had long since been impressed with the way light imparts to a subject a distinctly different character at different times of the day and the year, and as atmospheric conditions change. For Monet, the effects of light on a subject became as important as the subject itself. His Series Paintings, in which he painted many views of the same subject under different lighting conditions, are an attempt to illustrate the importance of light in our perception of a subject at a given time and place.


Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral West Facade, Sunlight
 oil on canvas 100 x 65 cm 
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Morning Sun, Blue Harmony 
oil on canvas 91 x 63 cm 
Musee d'Orsay, Paris

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Study of the Portal 
oil on canvas
 Private Collection

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral West Facade, Dull Weather 
oil on canvas 100 x 65 cm 
Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Facade 
oil on canvas 100.4 x 65.4 cm 
Pola Museum of Art, Sengokuhara, Japan

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral. Facade ( Sunset ) 
oil on canvas 
Musée Marmottan-Monet, Paris

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral in the Fog 
oil on canvas 
Private Collection

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral West Facade, Morning Effect
 oil on canvas 106.5 x 73.2 cm 
Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Sunlight Effect 
oil on canvas 
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston MA

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Symphony in Grey and Rose 
oil on canvas 73 x 107 cm 
Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, The Portal and Tower of Saint-Roman, Morning Effect 
oil on canvas 106 x 73 cm 
Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, The Portal at Midday 
oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral West Facade, Full Sunlight, Harmony in Blue and Gold 
oil on canvas 107 x 73 cm 
Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral at Noon
 oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral at Sunset 
oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral Façade and Tour d'Albane, Morning Effect 
oil on canvas 106.1 x 73.9 cm 
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral 
oil on canvas 

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral 
oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Clear Day 
oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Evening, Harmony in Brown 
oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Façade 
oil on canvas 100.6 x 66 cm 
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Grey Weather 
oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Magic in Blue 
oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Symphony in Grey and Rose 
oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, The Portal and the Tour d'Albene, Grey Weather 
oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, the Portal in the Sun 
oil on canvas 
Private Collection

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, the Portal 
oil on canvas

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, West Facade 
oil on canvas 
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, West Facade, Sunlight 
oil on canvas 
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, The Portal ( Sunlight ) 
oil on canvas 99.7 x 65.7 cm 
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Claude Monet 1892-94 Rouen Cathedral. The Portal ( Morning Effect ) 
oil on canvas 107 x 74 cm 
Beyeler Foundation, Riehen, Switzerland

*          *          *          *          *


Claude Monet 1893 Break-Up of the Ice on the Seine, near Bennecourt 
oil on canvas 65 x 100 cm 
National Museums Liverpool, UK

Claude Monet 1893 Floating Ice at Bennecourt 
oil on canvas 65 x 100 cm 
Private Collection

Claude Monet 1893 Floating Ice at Bennecourt 
oil on canvas 
Private Collection

Claude Monet 1893 Floating Ice at Bennecourt 
oil on canvas 
Private Collection

Claude Monet 1893 Ice Floes 
oil on canvas 66 x 100.3 cm 
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Claude Monet 1893 The Seine at Bennecourt, Winter 
oil on canvas 
Private Collection

Claude Monet 1894 Ice Floes, Misty Morning 
oil on canvas 65.7 x 100.3 cm 
Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA

Claude Monet 1893 Ice, Lock Port Villez 
oil on canvas 73 x 92 cm 
Private Collection


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