John James Audubon (1785 - 1851) is perhaps the most renowned wildlife artist in America, universally acknowledged by both art and natural history museums. He was born in 1875 in Les Cayes, Santo Domingo (now Haiti).
From his father's Pennsylvania estate, Audubon made the first bird-ringing experiments. After failing in various business ventures, he concentrated on drawing and studying birds, which took him from Florida to Labrador. His extraordinary four-volume The Birds of America, first published in London in 1827, was a 12-year enterprise that exponentially increased the knowledge of American ornithological and natural history.
The images featured in this series are mainly hand-coloured etchings and aquatints, with a few original watercolours here and there. (You can click on individual images to enlarge them).
This is part 3 of a 7-part series on Audubon's Birds of America:
|California Turkey Vulture|
|Canvas backed Duck|
|Cardinal Grosbeak chalk, pencil, watercolour and ink on paper 42.6 x 29 cm |
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC
|Carolina Pigeon or Turtle Dove|
|Chesnut (Chestnut)-backed Titmouse, Black-capt (capped) Titmouse, |
and Chesnut (Chestnut)-crowned Titmouse
|Chestnut-coloured Finch, Black-headed Siskin, Black Crown Bunting |
and Arctic Ground Finch
|Cock of the Plains|
|Columbian Humming Bird|
|Columbian Water Ouzel and Arctic Water Ouzel|
|Common American Gull|
|Common American Swan|
|Crested Titmouse A.W., Parus Bicolor transparent and opaque watercolour and graphite on paper 43.7 x 21.9 cm |
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA
|Evening Grosbeak and Spotted Grosbeak|
|Evening Grosbeak, Black-headed Grosbeak, Pine Grosbeak watercolour original|
|Ferruginous Mocking Bird|
|Fish Hawk, or Osprey|