Sunday, 1 May 2011

Roy Lichtenstein

Roy Lichtenstein (1923 – 1997) was a prominent American Pop Artist. During the 1960s his paintings were exhibited at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York, and along with Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, James Rosenquist and others he became a leading figure in the Pop Art movement.

Lichtenstein received a M.F.A. degree from Ohio State University in 1949 and in 1951 he had his first one-man exhibition at the Carlebach Gallery in New York. In 1961 Lichtenstein began his first Pop paintings using cartoon images and techniques derived from the appearance of commercial printing.

His first work to feature the large-scale use of hard-edged figures and Ben-Day dots was 'Look Mickey' 1961. In the same year he produced six other works with recognizable characters from gum wrappers and cartoons.

1961 Look Mickey
oil on canvas 121.9 x 175.3 cm

Lichtenstein had his first one-man show at the Castelli gallery in 1962 and the entire collection was bought by influential collectors before the show even opened.

Lichtenstein would say of his own work: Abstract Expressionists "put things down on the canvas and responded to what they had done, to the colour positions and sizes. My style looks completely different, but the nature of putting down lines pretty much is the same; mine just don't come out looking calligraphic, like Pollock's or Kline's."

When his work was first released, many art critics of the time challenged its originality. More often than not they were making no attempt to be positive. Lichtenstein responded to such claims by offering responses such as the following: "The closer my work is to the original, the more threatening and critical the content. However, my work is entirely transformed in that my purpose and perception are entirely different. I think my paintings are critically transformed, but it would be difficult to prove it by any rational line of argument".

1963 Whaam!
magna on canvas 172.7 x 421.6 cm
His most famous image is arguably 'Whaam!' 1963, one of the earliest known examples of Pop Art, adapted a comic-book panel from a 1962 issue of DC Comics’ All-American Men of War.
Most of his best-known artworks are relatively close, but not exact, copies of comic book panels - a subject he largely abandoned in 1965.

In the 1970s and 1980s, his style began to loosen and he expanded on what he had done before. He produced a series of ‘Artists Studios’ which incorporated elements of his previous work. A notable example being 'Artist's Studio, Look Mickey' 1973, which incorporates five other previous works, fitted into the scene.

1973 Artists Studio Look Mickey 
oil, magna, sand with aluminium powder and magna on canvas 243.8 325.1 cm

In the late 1970s, this style was replaced with more surreal works such as 'Pow Wow' 1979.


1979 Pow Wow 
oil and magna on canvas 243.8 x 304.8 cm


Date sequential works:


1961 Cup of Coffee
oil on canvas 51.1 x 40.6 cm

1961 Emeralds
oil on canvas 172.7 x 172.7 cm

1961 The Kiss
oil on canvas 203.2 x 172.7 cm

1962 Blam 
oil on canvas 172.7 x 203.2 cm

1962 Takka Takka 
oil on canvas 142.2 x 172.7 cm

1962 Live Ammo (Blang)
oil on canvas 172.1 x 203.2 cm

1962 Tex!
oil on canvas 172.7 x 203.2 cm

1963 Drowning Girl
oil on canvas 172 x 172 cm

1963 Femme d'Alger
oil on canvas 203.2 x 172.7 cm

1963 Femme Dans Un Fauteuil
magna on canvas 172.7 x 121.9 cm

1963 Hot Dog with Mustard
magna on canvas 45.7 x 121.9 cm

1963 Image Duplicator
magna on canvas 61 x 50.8 cm

1963 In the Car 
oil and magna on canvas 76.2 x 101.6 cm

1963 Varoom!
magna on canvas 142.2 x 142.2 cm

1964 Blonde Waiting
oil and magna on canvas 121.9 x 121.9 cm

1964 Good Morning... Darling!
oil and magna on canvas 68.6 x 91.4 cm

1964 Temple of Apollo 
oil and magna on canvas 238.8 x 325.1 cm

1965 Big Painting VI
oil and magna on canvas 234.1 x 328 cm

1965 Brushstrokes
oil and magna on canvas 122.5 x 122.5 cm

1966 Brushstroke with Spatter 
oil on canvas 121.9 x 152.4 cm

1966 I…I.m Sorry!
 oil and magna on canvas 152.4 x 121.9 cm

1967 Aviation
oil and magna on canvas 172.7 x 208.3 cm


1967 Modern Painting with Classic Head
oil and magna on canvas 172.7 x 208.3 cm
1968 Haystacks
oil and magna on canvas 45.7 x 61 cm

1968 Rouen Cathedral, Set 1
oil and magna (3 panels) 160 x 106.7 cm each


1969 Haystack
screenprint 48.3 x 66 cm

1969 Modular Painting with Four Panels #4
oil and magna on canvas 274.3 x 274.3 cm

1970 Mirror #2
oil and magna on canvas 91.4 cm diameter

1970 Peace Through Chemistry I
lithograph and screenprint 96 x 161.3 cm

1971 Entablature #5
pencil on paper 71.1 x 104.5 cm

1971 Mirror #17
oil and magna on canvas 61 cm diameter

1972 Bananas and Grapefruit
oil and magna on canvas 50.8 x 71.1 cm

1972 Still Life with Goldfish Bowl and Painting of a Golf Ball
oil and magna on canvas 132.1 x 106.7 cm

1973 Still Life with Crystal Bowl 
oil and magna on canvas 132.1 x 106.7 cm

1973 Bull II
lithograph and line cut 68.6 x 88.9 cm

1973 Bull III
lithograph, screenprint and linecut 68.6 x 89 cm

1973 Bull IV
lithograph, screenprint and line cut 68.6 x 88.9 cm


1974 Cubist Still Life with Playing Cards
oil and magna on canvas 243.8 x 152.4 cm

1974 Artist's Studio "The Dance"
oil and magna on canvas 243.8 x 325.1 cm

1975 Entableture
oil and magna on canvas 243.8 x 152.4 cm

1975 Purist Painting with Bottles
oil and magna on canvas 203.2 x 137.2 cm

1976 Horse and Rider
oil and magna on canvas 137.2 x 188 cm

1976 Still Life with Lamp
oil and magna on canvas 137.2 x 188 cm

1977 Figures in Landscape
oil and magna on canvas 271.8 x 425.5 cm

1978 Cosmology
oil and magna on canvas 271.8 x 425.5 cm

1979 Go for Baroque
oil and magna on canvas 271.8 x 424.7 cm

1980 Jar and Apples
 oil and magna on canvas 91.4 x 101.6 cm.

1981 Two More Red and Yellow Apples
magna on canvas 45.7 x 61 cm

1982 Paintings with Roses
oil and magna on canvas 94 x 149.9 cm

1983 Painting near Window
oil and magna on canvas 127 x 152.4 cm

1977 Brushstroke Still Life with Lamp

1984 Painting: Silver Frame
oil and magna on canvas 177.8 x 203.2 cm

1985 Road before the Forest
lithograph, woodcut and screenprint 101.9 x 140.7 cm

1988 Reflections: Wimpy I
oil and magna on canvas 81.3 x 101.6 cm

1990 Reflections on "Interior with Girl Drawing"
oil and magna on canvas 191.1 x 274.3 cm

1992 Wallpaper with Blue Floor Interior
screenprint 259.1 x 77.3 cm

1994 Thinking Nude
colour relief 106.7 x 157.5 cm

1996 Brushstroke with Still Life VII
oil and magna on canvas 76.2 x 76.2 cm

1997 Interior with Painting of Reclining Nude (study)
magna and collage on board 101.9 x 153 cm

2 comments:

  1. Deconstructing Roy Lichtenstein © 2000 David Barsalou MFA
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/deconstructing-roy-lichtenstein/

    ReplyDelete
  2. LOVE , someone asked "who is Brad" , what is the answer ? from Silvi in Nor Norway

    ReplyDelete

Note: only a member of this blog may post a comment.