Tuesday, 5 April 2011

Kurt Schwitters - collages

I thought I'd take a look at the most famous famous exponent of the art of collage, Kurt Schwitters. Schwitters (1887 – 1948) was born in Hannover, Germany. He attended the Kunstgewerbeschule in Hannover from 1908 to 1909 and from 1909 to 1914 studied at the Kunstakademie Dresden. After serving as a draftsman in the military in 1917, Schwitters experimented with Cubist and Expressionist styles. In 1918, he made his first collages and in 1919 invented the term “Merz,” which he was to apply to all his creative activities: poetry as well as collage and constructions.

This year also marked the beginning of his friendships with Jean Arp and Raoul Hausmann. Schwitters’s earliest Merzbilder date from 1919, the year of his first exhibition at Der Sturm gallery, Berlin, and the first publication of his writings in the periodical Der Sturm. Schwitters showed at the Société Anonyme in New York in 1920.

With Arp, he attended the Kongress der Konstructivisten in Weimar in 1922. There Schwitters met Theo van Doesburg, whose De Stijl principles influenced his work. Schwitters’s Dada activities included his Merz-Matineen and Merz-Abende at which he presented his poetry. From 1923 to 1932, he published the magazine Merz. About 1923, the artist started to make his first Merzbau, a fantastic structure he built over a number of years; the Merzbau grew to occupy much of his Hannover studio.


The original Merzbau in Schwitter's Hannover studio

During this period, he also worked in typography. Schwitters was included in the exhibition Abstrakte und surrealistische Malerei und Plastik at the Kunsthaus Zurich in 1929. The artist contributed to the Parisian review Cercle et Carré in 1930. In 1932 he joined the Paris-based Abstraction-Création group and wrote for their organ of the same name. He participated in the Cubism and Abstract Art and Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism exhibitions of 1936 at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.
The Nazi regime banned Schwitters’ work as ‘degenerate art’ in 1937. This year, the artist fled to Lysaker, Norway, where he constructed a second Merzbau. After the German invasion of Norway in 1940, Schwitters escaped to Great Britain, where he was interned for over a year.

He settled in London following his release, but moved to Little Langdale in the Lake District in 1945. There, helped by a stipend from the Museum of Modern Art, he began work on a third Merzbau in 1947. The project was left unfinished when Schwitters died in 1948 in Kendal, England.



Schwitters' London home at 39 Westmorland Road, Barnes.


 1919 Bild mit heller Mitte [Picture with Light Centre]


 1919 Das Undbild [The And-Picture]


 1919 Revolving


 1921 Merz 299


 1921 Merz 460 Two Underdrawers


 1922 Der Weihnachtsmann [Santa Claus]


 1922 Merz 410 irgendsowas [Something or Other]


 1922 Table Salt


 1923 Aphorism


 1923 Merz 231 Miss Blanche



1925 Elikan


1928 Untitled


1930 Oorlog


1937-38 Opened by Customs


1938 Die Fruhlingstur [The Spring Door]


1942-43 [Difficult]


1944 [Hitler Gang]


1947 The Holy Night by Antoni Allegri, known as Corregio, 
worked through by Kurt Schwitters]


5 comments:

  1. Thank you for sharing so much of Kurt Schwitter's work. I hope you don't mind me pressing this on my blog but I thought my friends would enjoy your great site.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks Poul - I have been asked to look at Schwitter's collages and this has been incredibly helpful

    ReplyDelete
  3. These are beautiful. Thanks for compiling some of his fabulous work.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thank you for great information. Used some of the information on a school project and will add your blog as a source. Thanks.

    ReplyDelete
  5. With Kurt Schwitters on Honnover tour http://kulturreise-ideen.de/kunst/kuenstler/Tour-kurt-schwitters-in-hannover.html

    ReplyDelete